Extreme hyperuricemia is a risk factor for infection-related deaths in incident dialysis patients: a multicenter prospective cohort study

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Abstract

Introduction: There are few studies on the association between serum uric acid (UA) level and mortality in incident dialysis patients. We aimed to clarify whether the serum UA level at dialysis initiation is associated with mortality during maintenance dialysis. Methods: We enrolled 1486 incident dialysis patients who participated in a previous multicenter prospective cohort study in Japan. We classified the patients into the following five groups according to their serum UA levels at dialysis initiation: G1 with a serum UA level <6 mg/dL; G2, 6.0–8.0 mg/dL; G3, 8.0–10.0 mg/dL; G4, 10.0–12.0 mg/dL; and G5, ≥12.0 mg/dL. We created three models (Model 1: adjusted for age and sex, Model 2: adjusted for Model 1 + 12 variables, and Model 3: stepwise regression adjusted for Model 2 + 13 variables) and performed a multivariate Cox proportional hazard regression analysis to examine the association between the serum UA level and outcomes, including infection-related mortality. Results: Hazard ratios (HRs) were calculated relative to the G2, because the all-cause mortality rate was the lowest in G2. For Models 1 and 2, the all-cause mortality rate was significantly higher in G5 than in G2 (HR: 1.63, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.14–2.33 and HR: 1.78, 95% CI: 1.19–2.68, respectively). For Models 1, 2, and 3, the infection-related mortality rate was significantly higher in G5 than in G2 (HR: 2.75, 95% CI: 1.37–5.54, HR: 3.09, 95% CI: 1.45–6.59, HR: 3.37, and 95% CI: 1.24–9.15, respectively). Conclusions: Extreme hyperuricemia (serum UA level ≥12.0 mg/dL) at dialysis initiation is a risk factor for infection-related deaths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-655
Number of pages10
JournalRenal failure
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2020

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Nephrology

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