Aim: To evaluate unique factors associated with home death in older Asian individuals who received physician-led home healthcare. Methods: We carried out a case–control study at a single hospital in Japan from February 2018 to December 2019. We included patients who had started receiving physician-led home healthcare and died at home as cases, and those receiving the same type of care but died in the hospital as controls. Multivariable logistic regression was used to evaluate factors associated with home death. Results: A total of 152 patients (mean age 70.3 years [SD 11.2 years]; 86 [56.6%] men) were included, of whom 89 (58.6%) died at home and 63 (41.4%) died in the hospital. Comparing the two groups, the presence of family psychological problems related to care was significantly more common in the hospital death group (home death 49.4%; hospital death 32.3%, P = 0.036). Home death was related to patients aged >85 years compared with patients aged <75 years (adjusted odds ratio 6.47, 95% CI 1.52–27.48) and patients who were in the highest quartile of the number of symptoms (adjusted odds ratio 5.45, 95% CI 1.15–25.95) compared with the lowest. Family members' willingness for the patient to die at home was associated with home death (adjusted odds ratio 7.47, 95% CI 2.13–26.19). Conclusions: Older age and multiple symptoms were related to accomplishing home death. Patient preference was not associated with the place of death, but family member preference was. These results might reflect family concepts particular to Asia. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2021; 21: 525–531.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Health(social science)
- Geriatrics and Gerontology