Falls in progressive supranuclear palsy: Comparison with Parkinson disease

Ikuko Aiba, Takeshi Matsushita, Yufuko Saito, Yukie Numazaki, Takiko Kawai, Sumiko Tate, Shinji Ito, Yukihiko Matsuoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

We investigated the frequency, time, circumstances, causes and consequences of falling in fourteen patients hospitalized with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) compared with eleven patients with Parkinson disease (PD) without dementia and Yahr stage over III for two months. The rate of falling patients was 50% in PSP, against 45% in PD. The mean frequency of falling per month in PSP tended to be more frequent than in PD (3.2 times per month in PSP, 0.7 in PD). More than 20% of PSP patients sustained external injuries as a result of falling. The site of the injuries was mainly the face and head. Furthermore, falling was observed even in the bedridden state in PSP. Thus, falling is a serious long-term problem in caregiving for PSP. It was suggested that the cause of falling in PSP was not only postural instability but also frontal lobe dementia. In practice, PSP patients sometimes showed sudden unexpected behaviour despite the medical caregiver's carefulness, so prevention of falling is very difficult. It is necessary to take measures for preventing and decreasing external injuries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)177-180
Number of pages4
JournalIRYO - Japanese Journal of National Medical Services
Volume57
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2003
Externally publishedYes

    Fingerprint

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Aiba, I., Matsushita, T., Saito, Y., Numazaki, Y., Kawai, T., Tate, S., Ito, S., & Matsuoka, Y. (2003). Falls in progressive supranuclear palsy: Comparison with Parkinson disease. IRYO - Japanese Journal of National Medical Services, 57(3), 177-180.