Familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification with a heterozygous missense variant (c.902C>T/p.P307L) in SLC20A2 showing widespread cerebrovascular lesions

Kenji Sakai, Chiho Ishida, Koji Hayashi, Naotaka Tsuji, Takayuki Kannon, Kazuyoshi Hosomichi, Nobuyuki Takei, Akiyoshi Kakita, Atsushi Tajima, Masahito Yamada

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Abstract

We describe a postmortem case of familial idiopathic basal ganglia calcification (FIBGC) in a 72-year-old Japanese man. The patient showed progressive cognitive impairment with a seven-year clinical course and calcification of the basal ganglia, thalami, and cerebellar dentate nuclei. A novel heterozygous missense variant in SLC20A2 (c.920C>T/p.P307L), a type III sodium-dependent phosphate transporter (PiT-2), was subsequently identified, in addition to typical neuropathological findings of FIBGC, such as capillary calcification of the occipital gray matter, confluent calcification of the basal ganglia and cerebellar white matter, widespread occurrence of vasculopathic changes, cerebrovascular lesions, and vascular smooth muscle cell depletion. Immunohistochemistry for PiT-2 protein revealed no apparent staining in endothelial cells in the basal ganglia and insular cortex; however, the immunoreactivity in endothelial cells of the cerebellum was preserved. Moreover, Western blot analysis identified preserved PiT-2 immunoreactivity signals in the frontal cortex and cerebellum. The variant identified in the present patient could be associated with development of FIBGC and is known to be located at the large intracytoplasmic part of the PiT-2 protein, which has potential phosphorylation sites with importance in the regulation of inorganic phosphate transport activity. The present case is an important example to prove that FIGBC could stem from a missense variant in the large intracytoplasmic loop of the PiT-2 protein. Abnormal clearance of inorganic phosphate in the brain could be related to the development of vascular smooth muscle damage, the formation of cerebrovascular lesions, and subsequent brain calcification in patients with FIBGC with SLC20A2 variants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)126-133
Number of pages8
JournalNeuropathology
Volume42
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 04-2022
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Clinical Neurology

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