Endoscopic variceal band ligation (EVL) is now one of the accepted treatment options for esophageal varices, and the safety of this procedure has been proved. However, we experienced a patient who had a fatal massive bleeding after successful EVL for ruptured esophageal varix. Postmortem study revealed a residual vein at the base of the esophageal ulceration associated with the ligation, which was believed to be the site of the fatal bleeding. His platelet counts and prothrombin time were not very impaired. Our case indicates that fatal massive bleeding can occur in patients after successful EVL without specific risk factors and indicates the importance of the awareness of the possibility of these complications.
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