Many reports have shown the therapeutic efficacy of LDL apheresis (LDL-A) in drug-resistant nephrotic syndrome (NS) for improvement of heavy proteinuria and severely impaired renal function. To obtain comprehensive results in a large number of cases, a post hoc analysis of the Prospective Observational survey on the Long-Term Effects of the LDL-Apheresis on the Drug Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome (POLARIS) study was performed by stratifying enrolled cases according to the pretreatment estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) levels indicating normal (N) (≥60 ml/min/1.73 m2), moderately impaired (M) (≥30 to <60 ml/min/1.73 m2), and severely impaired (S) (<30 ml/min/1.73 m2) renal function. Significant improvements of proteinuria and renal function were found in Group N and, most interestingly, in Group M. A tendency for improvement in proteinuria was found in Group S. Most cases in all groups had not entered end-stage renal disease at 2 years after LDL-A treatment. These results suggest that LDL-A has therapeutic efficacy even in cases in which renal function has declined to 30 ml/min/1.73 m2.
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