Feasibility of tissue elastography using transcutaneous ultrasonography for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases

Hiroki Uchida, Yoshiki Hirooka, Akihiro Itoh, Hiroki Kawashima, Kazuo Hara, Koji Nonogaki, Toshifumi Kasugai, Eizaburo Ohno, Naoki Ohmiya, Yasumasa Niwa, Yoshiaki Katano, Masatoshi Ishigami, Hidemi Goto

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Abstract

Objectives:: We investigated the feasibility of using real-time tissue elastography (EG) with transcutaneous ultrasonography (EG-US) for pancreatic diseases. Methods:: A preliminary study (phase I) and a prospective (phase II) study were conducted. Phase I: subjects were 10 volunteers, 5 with cancer, 2 with endocrine tumor, 5 with chronic pancreatitis, 14 with intraductal papillary-mucinous neoplasm. To determine the characteristic EG images (diagnostic criteria for phase II), B-mode images were compared with EG images and histopathologic findings. Phase II: 53 consecutive patients were enrolled. The visualization rate by EG-US in lesions visualized by B mode was assessed, and the correct diagnosis rate by B mode alone (B diagnosis) or in combination with EG-US was evaluated. Results:: Phase I: normal parenchyma was a homogeneous color. In cancer, EG-US showed a markedly hard area with soft spots inside. Endocrine tumor was uniform and soft comparable to parenchyma. Chronic pancreatitis showed a mixture of various colors. Phase II: we identified 77.4% (41/53) of the lesions and observed 60.0% (15/25) of the cancers, 100% (3/3) of the endocrine tumor, 92.0% (23/25) of the cases of chronic pancreatitis cases on EG-US. The B-diagnosis rates ranged from about 70% to 80%. The diagnosis rates of the combination were more than 90% of lesions of each type. Conclusions:: The EG-US is feasible in the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17-22
Number of pages6
JournalPancreas
Volume38
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2009
Externally publishedYes

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Hepatology
  • Endocrinology

Cite this

Uchida, H., Hirooka, Y., Itoh, A., Kawashima, H., Hara, K., Nonogaki, K., Kasugai, T., Ohno, E., Ohmiya, N., Niwa, Y., Katano, Y., Ishigami, M., & Goto, H. (2009). Feasibility of tissue elastography using transcutaneous ultrasonography for the diagnosis of pancreatic diseases. Pancreas, 38(1), 17-22. https://doi.org/10.1097/MPA.0b013e318184db78