Background: We have used a promising, minimally invasive thoracoscopic technique of extended thymectomy for patients with myasthenia gravis (MG). The aim of this study was to report our promising technique, a modified single-port trans-subxiphoid approach (MTXA) and to compare perioperative outcomes and effects on MG between our approach and sternotomy. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed records of all patients undergoing extended thymectomy for MG and/or thymoma between January 1, 2010 and December 31, 2016. The patients were divided into the MTXA group and Sternotomy group. Results: Of the 50 consecutive patients undergoing extended thymectomy for MG, finally, 13 patients undergoing our MTXA extended thymectomy technique were compared with 20 patients undergoing extended thymectomy via sternotomy. Intraoperative blood loss, postoperative length of stay, and C-reactive protein value on postoperative day 1 were significantly more favorable in the MTXA group than the Sternotomy group (P < 0.0001, P=0.0040 and P=0.0073, respectively). Furthermore, no significant differences in the frequency of patients with improvement of their Quantitative Myasthenia Gravis score and/or MGActivities of Daily Living scale, decrease in the serum level of acetylcholine receptor antibody, and dose reduction of oral prednisone were seen between the two groups. Conclusions: Our approach to extended thymectomy might be more favorable than sternotomy in patients with MG.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine