Frontline bortezomib, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) versus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) in transplantation-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma: final overall survival results of a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study

LYM-3002 investigators

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Abstract

Background: In the LYM-3002 study, the efficacy and safety of frontline bortezomib plus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) and rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) were compared in transplant-ineligible patients with untreated, newly diagnosed, mantle cell lymphoma. We report the final overall survival and safety outcomes for patients in the long-term follow-up phase after the primary progression-free-survival endpoint was met. Methods: LYM-3002 was a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study done at 128 clinical centres in 28 countries in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. Adult patients with confirmed stage II–IV previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less, who were ineligible for bone marrow transplantation, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive six or eight 21-day cycles of VR-CAP (intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, and bortezomib 1·3 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2) or R-CHOP (intravenous vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 [2 mg maximum], rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2). Randomisation was done according to a computer-generated randomisation schedule prepared by the sponsor; permuted blocks central randomisation was used (block size of 4), and was stratified by International Prognostic Index score and disease stage at diagnosis. The primary endpoint of this final analysis was overall survival, which was analysed in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00722137, and is closed to new participants with follow-up completed. Findings: Between May 22, 2008, and Dec 5, 2011, 487 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned. 268 patients (140 in the VR-CAP group and 128 in the R-CHOP group) were included in the follow-up analysis, which included patients with data available after the primary analysis clinical cutoff date of Dec 2, 2013. After median follow-up of 82·0 months (IQR 74·1–94·2), median overall survival was significantly longer in the VR-CAP group than in the R-CHOP group (90·7 months [95% CI 71·4 to not estimable] vs 55·7 months [47·2 to 68·9]; hazard ratio 0·66 [95% CI 0·51–0·85]; p=0·001). Three new adverse events were reported since the primary analysis cutoff (one each of grade 4 lung adenocarcinoma and grade 4 gastric cancer in the VR-CAP group, and one case of grade 2 pneumonia in the R-CHOP group). 103 (42%) of 243 patients in the VR-CAP group, and 138 (57%) of 244 in the R-CHOP group died; the most common cause of death was progressive disease. Interpretations: Compared with R-CHOP, VR-CAP was associated with significantly longer survival, and had a manageable and expected safety profile. Our results support further assessment of VR-CAP in patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma. Funding: Janssen Research & Development.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1449-1458
Number of pages10
JournalThe Lancet Oncology
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11-2018

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Mantle-Cell Lymphoma
Vincristine
Prednisone
Doxorubicin
Cyclophosphamide
Transplantation
Survival
Random Allocation
Safety
South America
Patient Safety
North America
Rituximab
Bortezomib
Bone Marrow Transplantation
Disease-Free Survival
Stomach Neoplasms
Cause of Death
Pneumonia
Appointments and Schedules

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oncology

Cite this

@article{5001f4a9bb7040f79c2970c24489ef01,
title = "Frontline bortezomib, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) versus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) in transplantation-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma: final overall survival results of a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study",
abstract = "Background: In the LYM-3002 study, the efficacy and safety of frontline bortezomib plus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) and rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) were compared in transplant-ineligible patients with untreated, newly diagnosed, mantle cell lymphoma. We report the final overall survival and safety outcomes for patients in the long-term follow-up phase after the primary progression-free-survival endpoint was met. Methods: LYM-3002 was a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study done at 128 clinical centres in 28 countries in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. Adult patients with confirmed stage II–IV previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less, who were ineligible for bone marrow transplantation, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive six or eight 21-day cycles of VR-CAP (intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, and bortezomib 1·3 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2) or R-CHOP (intravenous vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 [2 mg maximum], rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2). Randomisation was done according to a computer-generated randomisation schedule prepared by the sponsor; permuted blocks central randomisation was used (block size of 4), and was stratified by International Prognostic Index score and disease stage at diagnosis. The primary endpoint of this final analysis was overall survival, which was analysed in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00722137, and is closed to new participants with follow-up completed. Findings: Between May 22, 2008, and Dec 5, 2011, 487 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned. 268 patients (140 in the VR-CAP group and 128 in the R-CHOP group) were included in the follow-up analysis, which included patients with data available after the primary analysis clinical cutoff date of Dec 2, 2013. After median follow-up of 82·0 months (IQR 74·1–94·2), median overall survival was significantly longer in the VR-CAP group than in the R-CHOP group (90·7 months [95{\%} CI 71·4 to not estimable] vs 55·7 months [47·2 to 68·9]; hazard ratio 0·66 [95{\%} CI 0·51–0·85]; p=0·001). Three new adverse events were reported since the primary analysis cutoff (one each of grade 4 lung adenocarcinoma and grade 4 gastric cancer in the VR-CAP group, and one case of grade 2 pneumonia in the R-CHOP group). 103 (42{\%}) of 243 patients in the VR-CAP group, and 138 (57{\%}) of 244 in the R-CHOP group died; the most common cause of death was progressive disease. Interpretations: Compared with R-CHOP, VR-CAP was associated with significantly longer survival, and had a manageable and expected safety profile. Our results support further assessment of VR-CAP in patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma. Funding: Janssen Research & Development.",
author = "{LYM-3002 investigators} and Tadeusz Robak and Jie Jin and Halyna Pylypenko and Gregor Verhoef and Noppadol Siritanaratkul and Johannes Drach and Markus Raderer and Jiri Mayer and Juliana Pereira and Gayane Tumyan and Rumiko Okamoto and Susumu Nakahara and Peter Hu and Carlos Appiani and Sepideh Nemat and Franco Cavalli and {Van Hoof}, Achiel and Adriana Sheliga and Adriana Teixeira and Akihiro Tomita and Rocafiguera, {Albert Oriol} and Alexander Suvorov and Alexy Kuzmin and Ali Khojasteh and Amel Mezlini and Anatoly Golenkov and Andre Bosly and Andrew Belch and {Van De Velde}, Ann and {\'A}rp{\'a}d Illes and Ashis Mukhopadhyay and Balkis Meddeb and {De Prijck}, Bernard and Bernardo Garichochea and Bulent Undar and Caballero Gabarr{\'o}n and Carmen Cao and Carmino Souza and Charles Farber and {Won Suh}, Cheol and Burcoveanu, {Cristina Ileana} and Cebotaru, {Cristina Ligia} and Truica, {Cristina Ligia} and Dai Maruyama and David Belada and {Ben Yehuda}, Dina and Dmitry Udovitsa and Dolores and Enrica Morra and Ernst Sp{\"a}th-Schwalbe",
year = "2018",
month = "11",
doi = "10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30685-5",
language = "English",
volume = "19",
pages = "1449--1458",
journal = "The Lancet Oncology",
issn = "1470-2045",
publisher = "Lancet Publishing Group",
number = "11",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Frontline bortezomib, rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) versus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) in transplantation-ineligible patients with newly diagnosed mantle cell lymphoma

T2 - final overall survival results of a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study

AU - LYM-3002 investigators

AU - Robak, Tadeusz

AU - Jin, Jie

AU - Pylypenko, Halyna

AU - Verhoef, Gregor

AU - Siritanaratkul, Noppadol

AU - Drach, Johannes

AU - Raderer, Markus

AU - Mayer, Jiri

AU - Pereira, Juliana

AU - Tumyan, Gayane

AU - Okamoto, Rumiko

AU - Nakahara, Susumu

AU - Hu, Peter

AU - Appiani, Carlos

AU - Nemat, Sepideh

AU - Cavalli, Franco

AU - Van Hoof, Achiel

AU - Sheliga, Adriana

AU - Teixeira, Adriana

AU - Tomita, Akihiro

AU - Rocafiguera, Albert Oriol

AU - Suvorov, Alexander

AU - Kuzmin, Alexy

AU - Khojasteh, Ali

AU - Mezlini, Amel

AU - Golenkov, Anatoly

AU - Bosly, Andre

AU - Belch, Andrew

AU - Van De Velde, Ann

AU - Illes, Árpád

AU - Mukhopadhyay, Ashis

AU - Meddeb, Balkis

AU - De Prijck, Bernard

AU - Garichochea, Bernardo

AU - Undar, Bulent

AU - Gabarrón, Caballero

AU - Cao, Carmen

AU - Souza, Carmino

AU - Farber, Charles

AU - Won Suh, Cheol

AU - Burcoveanu, Cristina Ileana

AU - Cebotaru, Cristina Ligia

AU - Truica, Cristina Ligia

AU - Maruyama, Dai

AU - Belada, David

AU - Ben Yehuda, Dina

AU - Udovitsa, Dmitry

AU - Dolores,

AU - Morra, Enrica

AU - Späth-Schwalbe, Ernst

PY - 2018/11

Y1 - 2018/11

N2 - Background: In the LYM-3002 study, the efficacy and safety of frontline bortezomib plus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) and rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) were compared in transplant-ineligible patients with untreated, newly diagnosed, mantle cell lymphoma. We report the final overall survival and safety outcomes for patients in the long-term follow-up phase after the primary progression-free-survival endpoint was met. Methods: LYM-3002 was a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study done at 128 clinical centres in 28 countries in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. Adult patients with confirmed stage II–IV previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less, who were ineligible for bone marrow transplantation, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive six or eight 21-day cycles of VR-CAP (intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, and bortezomib 1·3 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2) or R-CHOP (intravenous vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 [2 mg maximum], rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2). Randomisation was done according to a computer-generated randomisation schedule prepared by the sponsor; permuted blocks central randomisation was used (block size of 4), and was stratified by International Prognostic Index score and disease stage at diagnosis. The primary endpoint of this final analysis was overall survival, which was analysed in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00722137, and is closed to new participants with follow-up completed. Findings: Between May 22, 2008, and Dec 5, 2011, 487 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned. 268 patients (140 in the VR-CAP group and 128 in the R-CHOP group) were included in the follow-up analysis, which included patients with data available after the primary analysis clinical cutoff date of Dec 2, 2013. After median follow-up of 82·0 months (IQR 74·1–94·2), median overall survival was significantly longer in the VR-CAP group than in the R-CHOP group (90·7 months [95% CI 71·4 to not estimable] vs 55·7 months [47·2 to 68·9]; hazard ratio 0·66 [95% CI 0·51–0·85]; p=0·001). Three new adverse events were reported since the primary analysis cutoff (one each of grade 4 lung adenocarcinoma and grade 4 gastric cancer in the VR-CAP group, and one case of grade 2 pneumonia in the R-CHOP group). 103 (42%) of 243 patients in the VR-CAP group, and 138 (57%) of 244 in the R-CHOP group died; the most common cause of death was progressive disease. Interpretations: Compared with R-CHOP, VR-CAP was associated with significantly longer survival, and had a manageable and expected safety profile. Our results support further assessment of VR-CAP in patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma. Funding: Janssen Research & Development.

AB - Background: In the LYM-3002 study, the efficacy and safety of frontline bortezomib plus rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, and prednisone (VR-CAP) and rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (R-CHOP) were compared in transplant-ineligible patients with untreated, newly diagnosed, mantle cell lymphoma. We report the final overall survival and safety outcomes for patients in the long-term follow-up phase after the primary progression-free-survival endpoint was met. Methods: LYM-3002 was a randomised, open-label, phase 3 study done at 128 clinical centres in 28 countries in Asia, Europe, North America, and South America. Adult patients with confirmed stage II–IV previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma, Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group performance status score of 2 or less, who were ineligible for bone marrow transplantation, were randomly assigned (1:1) to receive six or eight 21-day cycles of VR-CAP (intravenous rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, and bortezomib 1·3 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2) or R-CHOP (intravenous vincristine 1·4 mg/m2 [2 mg maximum], rituximab 375 mg/m2, cyclophosphamide 750 mg/m2, and doxorubicin 50 mg/m2, plus oral prednisone 100 mg/m2). Randomisation was done according to a computer-generated randomisation schedule prepared by the sponsor; permuted blocks central randomisation was used (block size of 4), and was stratified by International Prognostic Index score and disease stage at diagnosis. The primary endpoint of this final analysis was overall survival, which was analysed in the intention-to-treat population. This study is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT00722137, and is closed to new participants with follow-up completed. Findings: Between May 22, 2008, and Dec 5, 2011, 487 patients were enrolled and randomly assigned. 268 patients (140 in the VR-CAP group and 128 in the R-CHOP group) were included in the follow-up analysis, which included patients with data available after the primary analysis clinical cutoff date of Dec 2, 2013. After median follow-up of 82·0 months (IQR 74·1–94·2), median overall survival was significantly longer in the VR-CAP group than in the R-CHOP group (90·7 months [95% CI 71·4 to not estimable] vs 55·7 months [47·2 to 68·9]; hazard ratio 0·66 [95% CI 0·51–0·85]; p=0·001). Three new adverse events were reported since the primary analysis cutoff (one each of grade 4 lung adenocarcinoma and grade 4 gastric cancer in the VR-CAP group, and one case of grade 2 pneumonia in the R-CHOP group). 103 (42%) of 243 patients in the VR-CAP group, and 138 (57%) of 244 in the R-CHOP group died; the most common cause of death was progressive disease. Interpretations: Compared with R-CHOP, VR-CAP was associated with significantly longer survival, and had a manageable and expected safety profile. Our results support further assessment of VR-CAP in patients with previously untreated mantle cell lymphoma. Funding: Janssen Research & Development.

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U2 - 10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30685-5

DO - 10.1016/S1470-2045(18)30685-5

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JO - The Lancet Oncology

JF - The Lancet Oncology

SN - 1470-2045

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