Functional interaction between Vangl2 and N-cadherin regulates planar cell polarization of the developing neural tube and cochlear sensory epithelium

Tadahiro Nagaoka, Tatsuya Katsuno, Kyoka Fujimura, Kunihiro Tsuchida, Masashi Kishi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Although the core constituents of the Wnt/planar cell polarity (PCP) signaling have been extensively studied, their downstream molecules and protein–protein interactions have not yet been fully elucidated. Here, we show genetic and molecular evidence that the PCP factor, Vangl2, functionally interacts with the cell–cell adhesion molecule, N-cadherin (also known as Cdh2), for typical PCP-dependent neural development. Vangl2 and N-cadherin physically interact in the neural plates undergoing convergent extension. Unlike monogenic heterozygotes, digenic heterozygous mice with Vangl2 and Cdh2 mutants exhibited defects in neural tube closure and cochlear hair cell orientation. Despite this genetic interaction, neuroepithelial cells derived from the digenic heterozygotes did not show additive changes from the monogenic heterozygotes of Vangl2 in the RhoA–ROCK–Mypt1 and c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK)–Jun pathways of Wnt/PCP signaling. Thus, cooperation between Vangl2 and N-cadherin is at least partly via direct molecular interaction; it is essential for the planar polarized development of neural tissues but not significantly associated with RhoA or JNK pathways.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3905
JournalScientific reports
Volume13
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General

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