We have previously suggested that an origin of a stomach cancer is from a progenitor cell specializing toward exocrine cell (Exo-cell) lineages. To clarify whether our hypothesis is correct or not, we analyzed the expression of Exo-cell and endocrine cell (End-cell) markers in a series of lesions for comparison. We evaluated chromogranin A (CgA) expression in 37 early and 73 advanced stomach cancers, in 30 stomach adenomas, in 8 carcinoid tumors, and in 4 endocrine cell carcinomas (ECCs) with assessment of gastric and/or intestinal (G/I) phenotypes in both Exo-cell and End-cell by immunohistochemistry. CgA expression was observed in 10.8% of the early and 16.4% of the advanced stomach cancers, respectively. The End-cell G/I phenotypes were in line with the Exo-cell counterparts in the CgA-positive stomach cancerous areas, and there was strong association between Cdx2 expression and the intestinal End-cell markers. All of the adenoma cases had the intestinal Exo-cell phenotypic expression, with the positive link between Exo-cell and End-cell G/I phenotypes. All stomach carcinoids had CgA expression but no expression of Exo-cell markers. In conclusion, most stomach cancers might develop from a progenitor cell specializing towards Exo-cell lineages, but some cases possessed both Exo-cell and End-cell markers with maturely differentiated phenotypes. In such cases, Exo-cell and End-cell phenotypes were found to correlate strongly, suggesting the possibility of histogenesis from "cancer stem cells".
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Histology and Histopathology|
|Publication status||Published - 01-2007|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine