Glioblastoma is characterized by diffuse infiltration into the normal brain. Invasive glioma stem cells (GSCs) are an underlying cause of treatment failure. Despite the use of multimodal therapies, the prognosis remains dismal. New therapeutic approach targeting invasive GSCs is required. Here, we show that neural stem cells (NSCs) derived from CRISRP/Cas9-edited human-induced pluripotent stem cell (hiPSC) expressing a suicide gene had higher tumor-trophic migratory capacity compared with mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), leading to marked in vivo antitumor effects. High migratory capacity in iPSC-NSCs was related to self-repulsive action and pathotropism involved in EphB-ephrinB and CXCL12-CXCR4 signaling. The gene insertion to ACTB provided higher and stable transgene expression than other common insertion sites, such as GAPDH or AAVS1. Ferroptosis was associated with enhanced antitumor immune responses. The thymidylate synthase and dihydroprimidine dehydrogenase expressions predicted the treatment efficacy of therapeutic hiPSC-NSCs. Our results indicate the potential benefit of genome-edited iPS cells based gene therapy for invasive GSCs. Furthermore, the present research concept may become a platform to promote clinical studies using hiPSC.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biomedical Engineering
- Pharmaceutical Science