Generation of a novel transgenic rat model for tracing extracellular vesicles in body fluids

Aya Yoshimura, Masaki Kawamata, Yusuke Yoshioka, Takeshi Katsuda, Hisae Kikuchi, Yoshitaka Nagai, Naoki Adachi, Tadahiro Numakawa, Hiroshi Kunugi, Takahiro Ochiya, Yoshitaka Tamai

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Extracellular vesicles (EVs) play an important role in the transfer of biomolecules between cells. To elucidate the intercellular transfer fate of EVs in vivo, we generated a new transgenic (Tg) rat model using green fluorescent protein (GFP)-Tagged human CD63. CD63 protein is highly enriched on EV membranes via trafficking into late endosomes and is often used as an EV marker. The new Tg rat line in which human CD63-GFP is under control of the CAG promoter exhibited high expression of GFP in various body tissues. Exogenous human CD63-GFP was detected on EVs isolated from three body fluids of the Tg rats: blood serum, breast milk and amniotic fluid. In vitro culture allowed transfer of serum-derived CD63-GFP EVs into recipient rat embryonic fibroblasts, where the EVs localized in endocytic organelles. These results suggested that this Tg rat model should provide significant information for understanding the intercellular transfer and/or mother-child transfer of EVs in vivo.

Original languageEnglish
Article number31172
JournalScientific reports
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19-08-2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

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    Yoshimura, A., Kawamata, M., Yoshioka, Y., Katsuda, T., Kikuchi, H., Nagai, Y., Adachi, N., Numakawa, T., Kunugi, H., Ochiya, T., & Tamai, Y. (2016). Generation of a novel transgenic rat model for tracing extracellular vesicles in body fluids. Scientific reports, 6, [31172]. https://doi.org/10.1038/srep31172