Genetic environments of the rmtA gene in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates

Kunikazu Yamane, Yohei Doi, Keiko Yokoyama, Tetsuya Yagi, Hiroshi Kurokawa, Naohiro Shibata, Keigo Shibayama, Haru Kato, Yoshichika Arakawa

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Abstract

Nine Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains showing very high levels of resistance to various aminoglycosides have been isolated from clinical specimens in seven separate Japanese hospitals in five prefectures since 1997. These strains harbor the newly identified 16S rRNA methylase gene (rmtA). When an rmtA gene probe was hybridized with genomic DNAs of the nine strains digested with EcoRI, two distinct patterns were observed. The 11.1- and 15.8-kb regions containing the rmtA genes of strains AR-2 and AR-11, respectively, were sequenced and compared. In strain AR-2, a transposase gene-like sequence (sequence 1) and a probable tRNA ribosyltransferase gene (orfA) were located upstream of rmtA, and a Na+/H+ antiporter gene-like sequence (sequence 2) was identified downstream of rmtA. This 6.2-kbp insert (the rmtA locus) was flanked by 262-bp κγ elements. Part of the orfQ gene adjacent to an inverted repeat was found outside of the rmtA locus. In strain AR-11, the rmtA gene and sequence 2 were found, but the 5′ end of the orfA gene was truncated and replaced with IS6100. An orfQ-orfI region was present on each side of the rmtA gene in strain AR-11. The G+C content of the rmt4 gene was about 55%, and since the newly identified rmtA gene may well be mediated by some mobile genetic elements such as Tn5041, further dissemination of the rmtA gene could become an actual clinical problem in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2069-2074
Number of pages6
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2004

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Yamane, K., Doi, Y., Yokoyama, K., Yagi, T., Kurokawa, H., Shibata, N., Shibayama, K., Kato, H., & Arakawa, Y. (2004). Genetic environments of the rmtA gene in Pseudomonas aeruginosa clinical isolates. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 48(6), 2069-2074. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.48.6.2069-2074.2004