Genetic factors associated with serum amylase in a Japanese population: combined analysis of copy-number and single-nucleotide variants

Zannatun Nayema, Takehiro Sato, Takayuki Kannon, Hiromasa Tsujiguchi, Kazuyoshi Hosomichi, Hiroyuki Nakamura, Atsushi Tajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Amylase activity and levels in humans are heritable quantitative traits. Although many studies exist on the effects of copy-number variants (CNVs) in amylase genes (AMY) on human phenotypes, such as body mass index (BMI), the genetic factors controlling interindividual variation in amylase levels remain poorly understood. Here, we conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of serum amylase levels (SAL) in 814 Japanese individuals to identify associated single-nucleotide variants (SNVs), after adjusting for non-genetic factors. Diploid copy numbers (CN) of AMY (AMY1, AMY2A, and AMY2B) were measured using droplet digital PCR to examine the association between each diploid CN and SAL. We further assessed the relative contribution of the GWAS-lead SNV and AMY CNVs to SAL. GWAS identified 14 significant SNVs (p < 5 × 10−8) within a linkage disequilibrium block near the AMY cluster on chromosome 1. The association analyses of AMY CNVs and SAL showed a significant association between AMY1 diploid CN and SAL (p = 1.89 × 10−19), while no significant association with SAL was found for AMY2A CN (p = 0.54) or AMY2B CN (p = 0.15). In a joint association analysis with SAL using the GWAS-lead SNV and AMY1 diploid CN, AMY1 CN remained significant (p = 5.4 ×10−13), while the association of the lead SNV was marginal (p = 0.08). We also found no association between AMY1 diploid CN and BMI (p = 0.14). Our results indicate that AMY1 CNV is the major genetic factor for Japanese SAL, with no significant association with BMI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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