Genetic polymorphisms of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) are associated with functional dyspepsia in Japanese women

Tomiyasu Arisawa, Tomomitsu Tahara, Tomoyuki Shibata, Mitsuo Nagasaka, Masakatsu Nakamura, Yoshio Kamiya, Hiroshi Fujita, Daisuke Yoshioka, Yuko Arima, Masaaki Okubo, Ichiro Hirata, Hiroshi Nakano

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Abstract

Background: Prostaglandins (PGs), catalyzed from arachidonic acid by cyclooxygenase (COX), are involved in a variety of physiological processes in the stomach. COX-1 has been regarded as a constitutively expressed enzyme that generates prostaglandins for gastrointestinal integrity. We investigated the association between the potentially functional polymorphism T-1676C in the COX-1 gene promoter and functional dyspepsia (FD) in the Japanese population. Methods: The study was performed in 272 subjects (185 with no upper abdominal symptoms and 87 with FD). We employed the PCR-SSCP method to detect the gene polymorphism. Results: Overall, female sex had a 2-2.5-fold risk for the development of FD compared with male sex, whereas the COX-1 gene polymorphism and Helicobacter pylori infection were not associated with susceptibility to FD. However, in female subjects, -1676T allele carriers had a significantly increased risk for the development of FD (OR 2.70, 95%CI 1.04-6.99, p = 0.041), especially the epigastric pain syndrome (EPS) subgroup (OR 4.07, 95%CI 1.15-14.4, p = 0.029). Conclusions: Our results provide the first evidence that the COX-1 gene polymorphism is significantly associated with the development of the EPS subgroup of FD in female subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1043
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Women's Health
Volume17
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-07-2008

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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    Arisawa, T., Tahara, T., Shibata, T., Nagasaka, M., Nakamura, M., Kamiya, Y., Fujita, H., Yoshioka, D., Arima, Y., Okubo, M., Hirata, I., & Nakano, H. (2008). Genetic polymorphisms of cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) are associated with functional dyspepsia in Japanese women. Journal of Women's Health, 17(6), 1039-1043. https://doi.org/10.1089/jwh.2007.0720