Glibenclamide inhibits cholesterol metabolism in macrophage

Hitoshi Nakayama, Nobutaka Ohgami, Akihiko Kuniyasu, Akira Miyazaki, Hideki Hakamata, Seikoh Horiuchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


Sulfonylureas are generally used in the therapeutic treatment of non- insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Little is known, however, whether they also affect the lipid metabolism. Using glibenclamide (GB), a typical sulfonylurea, we have investigated its effects on the lipid metabolism in macrophages, J774 and phorbol ester-treated THP-1 cells. In the whole-cell assay system for cholesteryl ester (CE) accumulation that is inducedby addition of chemically modified low-density lipoprotein (LDL), such as Ac-LDL and ox-LDL, GB effectively inhibited the CE accumulation of J774 cells in dose-dependent manners. The inhibition was resulted from increase in free cholesterol but not from change in total cholesterol amount. The results suggest that GB acts on acyl-CoA: cholestrol acytransferase (ACAT) and inhibits its activity. To confirm the possibility, we then tested GB by another assay system using ACAT that was solubilized from the cells and reconstituted into the liposome composed of phosphatidyl choline- cholesterol. GB inhibition was not so much effective as those by CI-976 and NTE-122, known ACAT inhibitors, but the inhibition was complete in the presence of 100 μM GB. Using cell homogenates of PMA-stimulated THP-1 cells, GB also inhibited the ACAT activity to the level of undifferentiated THP-1 cells. These results indicate that GB acts as ACAT inhibitor but the chemical structure is quite different from the conventional ACAT inhibitors, suggesting it can be a seed to generate potential ACAT inhibitors which do not exhibit toxicity in adrenal gland.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)150P-153P
JournalFolia Pharmacologica Japonica
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 1999
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pharmacology


Dive into the research topics of 'Glibenclamide inhibits cholesterol metabolism in macrophage'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this