Aims/Introduction: We aimed to determine whether glucokinase is required for β-cell mass expansion induced by high-starch diet (HSTD)-feeding, as has been shown in its high-fat diet-induced expansion. Materials and Methods: Eight-week-old male wild-type (Gck+/+) or glucokinase haploinsufficient (Gck+/−) mice were fed either a normal chow (NC) or an HSTD for 15 weeks. The bodyweight, glucose tolerance, insulin sensitivity, insulin secretion and β-cell mass were assessed. Results: Both HSTD-fed Gck+/+ and Gck+/− mice had significantly higher bodyweight than NC-fed mice. Insulin and oral glucose tolerance tests revealed that HSTD feeding did not affect insulin sensitivity nor glucose tolerance in either the Gck+/+ or Gck+/− mice. However, during the oral glucose tolerance test, the 15-min plasma insulin concentration after glucose loading was significantly higher in the HSTD group than that in the NC group for Gck+/+, but not for Gck+/− mice. β-Cell mass was significantly larger in HSTD-fed Gck+/+ mice than that in NC-fed Gck+/+ mice. In contrast, the β-cell mass of the HSTD-fed Gck+/− mice was not different from that of the NC-fed Gck+/− mice. Conclusions: The results showed that HSTD feeding would increase pancreatic β-cell mass and insulin secretion in Gck+/+, but not Gck+/− mice. This observation implies that glucokinase in β-cells would be required for the increase in β-cell mass induced by HSTD feeding.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism