For glycemic control in patients with diabetes on peritoneal dialysis (PD), the level of glycated albumin (GA) associated with mortality is unclear. Accordingly, we examined the difference in the association of GA and glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) with 2-year mortality in a Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy cohort. We examined 1601 patients with prevalent diabetes who were on PD. Of these, 1282 had HbA1c (HbA1c cohort) and 725 had GA (GA cohort) measured. We followed them for 2 years from 2013 to 2015 and used Cox regression to calculate adjusted hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for 2-year mortality after adjusting for potential confounders in each cohort. No significant association was found between HbA1c levels and all-cause death HRs before and after adjustment for confounders in the HbA1c cohort. In contrast, the adjusted all-cause death HRs and 95% CIs for GAs < 12.0%, 12.0–13.9%, 16.0–17.9%, 18.0–19.9%, 20.0–21.9%, and ≥22.0%, compared with 14.0–15.9% (reference), were 1.56 (0.32–7.45), 1.24 (0.32–4.83), 1.32 (0.36–4.77), 2.02 (0.54–7.53), 4.36 (1.10–17.0), and 4.10 (1.20–14.0), respectively. In the GA cohort, GA ≥ 20.0% was significantly associated with a higher death HR compared with the reference GA. Thus, GA ≥ 20.0% appears to be associated with a decrease in survival in diabetic patients on PD. There were no associations between HbA1c levels and 2-year mortality in PD patients.
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