Certain glycosphingolipids play important roles as cellular receptor for bacterial toxins with high specificity and strong affinity. In particular AB5 toxins exhibit typical modes of cell attachment with B5 and invasion and biological effects in cells with A subunit. Subtilase cytotoxin (SubAB) is the prototype of a recently discovered AB5 cytotoxin family produced by certain strains of Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli, and shows highly specific serine protease activity toward endoplasmic reticulum chaperone Bip. Since this toxin bound to a mimic of ganglioside GM2, GM2 has been considered to be possible receptor for SubAB. Using six kinds of glycosylation-defective knockout mice lacking certain group of glycosphingolipids, sensitivity to SubAB in vivo was analyzed. Consequently, all mutant mice died at around 70 h after intraperitoneal injection of 10 μg (or 7.5 μg) of SubAB as well as wild type mice. These results indicated none of glycolipids are not pivotal receptor for SubAB in the body.
|Number of pages||3|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 09-01-2009|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology