Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the usefulness of intentional double scroll formation of donor Descemet membrane (DM) inside a glass tube inserter (the Fogla technique) in DM endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) for controlled insertion and unfolding of grafts. Methods: Eleven consecutive patients who underwent DMEK were included in this study. We sought to specify graft characteristics in which double scroll configuration was successfully formed using the Fogla technique. We compared donor age, graft size, surgical time, unfolding time, and visual outcomes between patients with and without double scroll configuration. The ability to form double scroll formation of DM grafts of various diameters and unfolding time of DM grafts was evaluated using total seven eye-bank eyes in ex vivo experiments. Results: A double scroll configuration inside a glass tube was successfully obtained in six DMEK grafts (54.5%). When comparing clinical features between those with and without double scroll configuration, only graft size was significantly larger in those with double scroll configuration (7.9 ± 0.2 mm) than in those without (7.4 ± 0.4, P = 0.03). There were no significant differences in other features and clinical outcomes, although unfolding-time was shorter in eyes with double scroll configuration (4.6 ± 2.0 min) compared to those without (8.6 ± 8.1, P = 0.21). Ex vivo experiments showed that unfolding time was significantly shorter in double scroll configuration (2.71 ± 0.49 min) than in single scroll (5.02 ± 0.79, P = 0.01). Conclusions: A double scroll configuration within a glass tube can be obtained more frequently in larger DMEK grafts (8.0 mm in diameter), which may result in easier and faster DMEK procedures.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Sensory Systems
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience