Receptors for granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSFR) have been confirmed on the cell surfaces of several nonhaematopoietic cell types, including bladder cancer cells. This observation has naturally led to the hypothesis that the expression of G-CSFR on these cells may enhance their growth by G-CSF. In this study, the expression of G-CSFR was determined both in established human bladder cancer cell lines and primary bladder cancers. We studied five different human bladder cancer cell lines (KU-1, KU-7, T-24, NBT-2 and KK) and 26 newly diagnosed bladder tumors. G-CSFR mRNA expressions on cultured cell lines were determined using the reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) method. Furthermore, the G-CS'FR binding experiments on the cultured cell lines were conducted using the Na1Kl-labeled G-CSF ligand binding assay method. Moreover, the G-CSFR mRNA expressions on primary bladder tumor specimens were assessed using the in situ RT-PCR method. Three out of the five cultured cell lines (KU-1, NBT-2 and KK) exhibited G-CSFR mRNA signals when the RT-PCR method was utilized. The G-CSFR binding experiments showed an equilibrium dissociation constant (Kd) of 490 pM for KU-1, 340 pM for NBT-2, and 103 pM for KK cells. With in situ RT-PCR, the tumor cells of six out of 26 primary bladder tumor specimens (23.1%) presented positive GCSFR mRNA signals. These results thus indicate that G-CSFR expression was frequently observed on bladder cancer cells. Therefore, the clinical use of G-CSF for patients with bladder cancer should be selected with great care.
|Number of pages||1|
|Journal||British Journal of Urology|
|Issue number||SUPPL. 2|
|Publication status||Published - 01-12-1997|
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