Health care worker burnout after the first wave of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Japan

Takahiro Matsuo, Fumika Taki, Daiki Kobayashi, Torahiko Jinta, Chiharu Suzuki, Akiko Ayabe, Fumie Sakamoto, Kazuyo Kitaoka, Yuki Uehara, Nobuyoshi Mori, Tsuguya Fukui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


Objectives: To determine the prevalence of burnout according to job category after the first wave of COVID-19 in Japan and to explore its association with certain factors. Methods: An online cross-sectional survey of health care workers (HCWs) from June 15 to July 6, 2020, was conducted at a tertiary hospital in Tokyo, Japan. Demographic characteristics, results of the Japanese version of the Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey, types of anxiety and stress, changes in life and work after the peak of the pandemic, and types of support aimed at reducing the physical or mental burden, were determined. Results: Of 672 HCWs, 149 (22.6%) met the overall burnout criteria. Burnout was more prevalent in women (OR, 3.11; 95% CI, 1.45-6.67, P =.003), anxiety due to unfamiliarity with personal protective equipment (PPE) (OR, 1.98; 95% CI, 1.20-3.27, P =.007), and decreased sleep duration (OR, 1.96; 95% CI, 1.20-3.20, P =.008). Conversely, participants who felt that the delivery of COVID-19-related information (OR,.608; 95% CI,.371-.996, P =.048) and PPE education opportunities (OR,.484; 95% CI,.236-.993, P =.048) and messages of encouragement at the workplace (OR,.584; 95% CI,.352-.969; p =.037) was helpful experienced less burnout. Conclusions: There is a need to focus on the above factors to maintain the mental health of HCWs. The delivery of COVID-19-related information and educational interventions for PPE and messages of encouragement at the workplace may be needed to reduce the mental burden.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12247
JournalJournal of Occupational Health
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 01-01-2021
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health


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