The properties of microglia largely differ depending on aging as well as on brain regions. However, there are few studies that investigated the functional importance of such heterogeneous properties of microglia at the molecular level. Voltage-gated proton channel, Hv1/VSOP, could be one of the candidates which confers functional heterogeneity among microglia since it regulates brain oxidative stress in age-dependent manner. In this study, we found that Hv1/VSOP shows brain region-dependent heterogeneity of gene expression with the highest level in the striatum. We studied the importance of Hv1/VSOP in two different brain regions, the cerebral cortex and striatum, and examined their relationship with aging (using mice of different ages). In the cortex, we observed the age-dependent impact of Hv1/VSOP on oxidative stress, microglial morphology, and gene expression profile. On the other hand, we found that the age-dependent significance of Hv1/VSOP was less obvious in the striatum than the cortex. Finally, we performed a battery of behavioral experiments on Hv1/VSOP-deficient mice both at young and aged stages to examine the effect of aging on Hv1/VSOP function. Hv1/VSOP-deficient mice specifically showed a marked difference in behavior in light/dark transition test only at aged stages, indicating that anxiety state is altered in aged Hv1/VSOP mice. This study suggests that a combination of brain region heterogeneity and animal aging underscores the functional importance of Hv1/VSOP in microglia. (Figure presented.).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience