High Ferritin Level and Malnutrition Predict High Risk of Infection-Related Hospitalization in Incident Dialysis Patients: A Japanese Prospective Cohort Study

Sawako Kato, Bengt Lindholm, Yukio Yuzawa, Yoshinari Tsuruta, Kana Nakauchi, Kaoru Yasuda, Sachiyo Sugiura, Kunio Morozumi, Naotake Tsuboi, Shoichi Maruyama

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

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Aims: The aim of the study was to clarify the relationship between serum ferritin and infectious risks. Methods: We evaluated all hospital admissions due to infections, clinical biomarkers and nutrition status in 129 incident Japanese dialysis patients during a median follow-up of 38 months. Results: Kaplan-Meier analysis revealed that the period without infections requiring hospitalization was significantly shorter in ferritin > median (82.0 ng/ml) group than in the ferritin < median group (log-rank test 4.44, p = 0.035). High ferritin was associated with significantly increased relative risk of hospitalization for infection (Cox hazard model 1.52, 95% CI 1.06-2.17). The number of hospitalization days was gradually longer in patients with high ferritin levels and malnutrition. Conclusion: Although serum ferritin levels were low, and doses of iron administered to dialysis patients in Japan are generally lower than in Western countries, an elevated ferritin level was associated with increased risk of infection, particularly in patients with poor nutritional status.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)56-63
Number of pages8
JournalBlood Purification
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-06-2016

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology

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