CD22/Siglec-2, an important inhibitory co-receptor on B-lymphocytes, is known to recognize α2-6-sialylated glycan as a specific ligand. Here we propose that the α2-6-sialylated and 6-GlcNAc-sulfated determinant serves as a preferred ligand for CD22 because the binding of a human B-cell line to CD22 was almost completely abrogated after incubating the cells with NaClO 3, an inhibitor of cellular sulfate metabolism, and was also significantly inhibited by a newly generated monoclonal antibody specific to the α2-6-sialylated 6-sulfo-N-acetyllactosamine (LacNAc) determinant (KN343, murine IgM). The α2-6-sialylated 6-sulfo-LacNAc determinant defined by the antibody was significantly expressed on a majority of normal human peripheral B-lymphocytes as well as follicular B-lymphocytes in peripheral lymph nodes. The determinant was also expressed in endothelial cells of high endothelial venules of secondary lymphoid tissues, including lymph nodes, tonsils, and intestine-associated lymphoid tissues, more strongly than on B-lymphocytes, suggesting a role for CD22 in B-cell interaction with blood vessels and trafficking. These results indicate that the α2-6-sialylated 6-sulfo-LacNAc determinant serves as an endogenous ligand for human CD22 and suggest the possibility that 6-GlcNAc sulfation as well as α2-6- sialylation may regulate CD22/Siglec-2 functions in humans.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology