Previously we established human peripheral blood lymphocyte-reconstituted severe combined immunodeficiency (SCID) (hu-PBL-SCID) mice as a model for human islet allograft rejection. The function of xenografted hu-PBL was confirmed to reject human alloislets in hu-PBL-SCID mice. In this study, we modified this model as a porcine islet xenograft to study porcine islet rejection in humans. Chimeric mice were used as the recipients of porcine islets to reveal the mechanisms of xenograft rejection in humans. SCID mice were reconstituted with 30 x 106 of hu-PBL initially, and 10 x 106 of antihuman CD3-primed PBL was injected intraperitoneally 2 days later as a booster. An additional booster injection provided greater possibility (86.7%, n = 15) of chimera establishment as well as a higher human immunoglobulin concentration in SCID mice than the single injection group. In an in vitro assay, sera from hu-PBL-SCID mice were found to recognize porcine islets by FAGS staining. In an in vivo study, immunofluorescent analysis of a frozen section showed that human immunoglobulins adhered to the xenografted porcine islet under the kidney capsule of hu-PBL-SCID mice. Although no mouse immunoglobulins were detected on sections, mouse complement (C3) was shown to adhere to the xenografted porcine islet. Thus, hu-PBL-SCID mice provide a useful model for investigating the real-life situation of porcine islet xenograft rejection in humans.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Medicine (miscellaneous)
- Biomedical Engineering