Hybrid Multiple-Organ Segmentation Method Using Multiple U-Nets in PET/CT Images

Yuta Suganuma, Atsushi Teramoto, Kuniaki Saito, Hiroshi Fujita, Yuki Suzuki, Noriyuki Tomiyama, Shoji Kido

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

PET/CT can scan low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) images with morphological information and PET images with functional information. Because the whole body is targeted for imaging, PET/CT examinations are important in cancer diagnosis. However, the several images obtained by PET/CT place a heavy burden on radiologists during diagnosis. Thus, the development of computer-aided diagnosis (CAD) and technologies assisting in diagnosis has been requested. However, because FDG accumulation in PET images differs for each organ, recognizing organ regions is essential for developing lesion detection and analysis algorithms for PET/CT images. Therefore, we developed a method for automatically extracting organ regions from PET/CT images using U-Net or DenseUNet, which are deep-learning-based segmentation networks. The proposed method is a hybrid approach combining morphological and functional information obtained from LDCT and PET images. Moreover, pre-training using ImageNet and RadImageNet was performed and compared. The best extraction accuracy was obtained by pre-training ImageNet with Dice indices of 94.1, 93.9, 91.3, and 75.1% for the liver, kidney, spleen, and pancreas, respectively. This method obtained better extraction accuracy for low-quality PET/CT images than did existing studies on PET/CT images and was comparable to existing studies on diagnostic contrast-enhanced CT images using the hybrid method and pre-training.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10765
JournalApplied Sciences (Switzerland)
Volume13
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10-2023

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • General Materials Science
  • Instrumentation
  • General Engineering
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes

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