Purpose To directly compare the capability of hybrid-type iterative reconstruction (i.e., adaptive iterative dose reduction using 3D processing: AIDR 3D) and filter back projection (FBP) for radiation dose reduction during dynamic contrast-enhanced (CE-) perfusion area-detector CT (ADCT) for lung and nodule perfusion assessment. Materials and methods Thirty-six patients with lung cancers who underwent perfusion ADCT (SD-ADCT) at 120 mA and were enrolled in this study. ADCT data at 80 mA (reduced-dose ADCT: RD-ADCT), 60 mA (low-dose ADCT: LD-ADCT) and 40 mA (very low-dose ADCT: VLD-ADCT) were computationally simulated using SD-ADCT data, and reconstructed with and without AIDR 3D. Image noise and lung and nodule perfusion parameters were evaluated using ROI measurements. To determine the utility of AIDR 3D for dose reduction, image noise was compared between each protocol with and without AIDR 3D by means of the t-test. Correlations and limits of agreement for parameters obtained with SD-ADCT and other protocols were also evaluated. Results Image noise of all protocols with AIDR 3D was significantly lower than that of LD-ADCT and VLD-ADCT without AIDR 3D (p < 0.05). Significant correlations for image noise between SD-ADCT and all protocols with AIDR 3D (0.45 ≤ r ≤ 0.99, p < 0.0001) were equal to or better than that without AIDR 3D (0.28 ≤ r ≤ 0.99, p < 0.0001). The limits of agreement for perfusion parameters with AIDR 3D were smaller than those without AIDR 3D for each tube current. Conclusion AIDR 3D is more effective than FBP for dose reduction of perfusion ADCT while maintaining image quality and reducing measurement errors.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging