Hydraulic assessment of the floating impeller phenomena in a centrifugal pump

Tadashi Nakazawa, Yoshiyuki Takami, Kenzo Makinouchi, Robert Benkowski, Julie Glueck, George Damm, Yukihiko Nosé

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


A compact eccentric inlet port centrifugal blood pump (C1E3) has been perfected for a long-term centrifugal ventricular assist device as well as a cardiopulmonary bypass pump. The C1E3 pump incorporates a sealless design and a blood stagnation free structure. The pump's impeller is magnetically coupled to the driver magnet in a sealless manner. The latest hemolysis study reveals that hemolysis is affected by the magnetic coupling distance between the driver and impeller magnet. Furthermore, a floating phenomenon can be observed in a pivot bearing supported pump. Attention was focused on the relationship between the floating phenomenon's characteristics and the magnetic coupling design in the C1E3 pump. Studies were conducted to evaluate the hydromechanical performance in the floating phenomenon. In this study, the relationship between the magnetic coupling design and the floating phenomenon was verified with a smooth spinning condition. The optimized magnetic coupling distance for the floating mode was estimated to be 12 mm for left ventricular assist device and 9 mm for cardiopulmonary bypass pump. Obtaining an optimal spinning condition is required for regulating the magnetic coupling force. To develop a double pivot bearing pump, it is necessary to establish an optimal spinning and/or floating condition and to determine the proper magnetic coupling and magnetic force between the impeller and driver.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)78-82
Number of pages5
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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