Background Late renal dysfunction (LRD) after liver transplantation develops due to several factors such as viral hepatitis, calcineurin inhibitor, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. The aim of our study was to clarify the risk factors for LRD after living donor liver plantation (LDLT) by using simple criteria for LRD and paying special attention to the significance of renal biopsy. Patients and Methods Among the 98 recipients undergoing LDLT between March 2002 and June 2008, there were 77 patients who survived more than 1 year and had been followed at our clinic. LRD was simply defined as a postoperative serum creatinine level of 1.5/L or more at any point in time after 1 year from undergoing LDLT. The perioperative risk factors for developing LRD after LDLT were analyzed by uni-and multivariate analyses, and regardless of serum creatinine level, a renal biopsy was indicated when the patient developed clinical symptoms. Results Comparing the risk factors between 22 patients with LRD and 55 without LRD, univariate analysis revealed recipient's age, generation, hypertension, hepatitis C virus (HCV) antibody-positive, pretransplantation serum creatinine level, and graft-to-recipient weight ratio to be significant risk factors. By multivariate analysis, HCV and hypertension were selected as independent risk factors. Renal biopsy was indicated in the 4 patients with proteinuria, all of whom were positive for HCV. However, by histologic and/or electron micrographic analyses, only 1 patient was diagnosed with HCV-related membranous proliferative nephritis, 1 with diabetic nephropathy, and 2 with drug (tacrolimus)-induced renal dysfunction. Conclusion Although HCV and hypertension were determined to be independent risk factors for LRD after LDLT, a renal biopsy should be performed when clinical symptoms develop regardless of creatinine levels to provide appropriate treatment.
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|Published - 04-2014
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