Hypotension at Hospital Presentation and Post-Contrast Acute Kidney Injury following Computed Tomography with Contrast Media

Jo Yoshizawa, Ryo Yamamoto, Koichiro Homma, Hanae Kamikura, Kazuhiko Sekine, Yosuke Kobayashi, Tomohiro Funabiki, Junichi Sasaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Introduction: Post-contrast acute kidney injury (PC-AKI) is a major complication of contrast media usage; risks for PC-AKI are generally evaluated before computed tomography (CT) with contrast at the emergency department (ED). Although persistent hypotension (systolic blood pressure [sBP] <80 mm Hg for 1 h) is associated with increased PC-AKI incidence, it remains unclear whether transient hypotension that is haemodynamically stabilized before CT is a risk of PC-AKI. We hypothesized that hypotension on ED arrival would be associated with higher PC-AKI incidence even if CT with contrast was performed after patients are appropriately resuscitated. Methods: This multicentre retrospective observational study was conducted at three tertiary care centres during 2013-2014. We identified 280 patients who underwent CT with contrast at the ED. Patients were classified into two groups based on sBP on arrival (<80 vs. ≥80 mm Hg); hypotension was considered as transient because CT with contrast has always been performed after patients were stabilized at participating hospitals. PC-AKI incidence was compared between the groups; inverse probability weighting (IPW) was conducted to adjust background characteristics. Results: Eighteen patients were excluded due to chronic haemodialysis, cardiac arrest on arrival, or death within 72 h; 262 were eligible for this study. PC-AKI incidence was higher in the transient hypotension group than the normotension group {7/27 (28.6%) vs. 24/235 (10.2%), odds ratio (OR) 3.08 (95% confidence interval [CI] 1.18-8.03), p = 0.026}, which was confirmed by IPW (OR 3.25 [95% CI 1.99-5.29], p < 0.001). Conclusion: Transient hypotension at the ED was associated with PC-AKI development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNephron
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Urology
  • Physiology (medical)

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