We have identified a mouse PDZ protein that interacts with the activin type IIA receptor (ActRIIA), which we named activin receptor-interacting protein 1 (ARIP1). By using yeast two-hybrid screening, we isolated a cDNA clone of ARIP1 from a mouse brain cDNA library. We detected two forms of ARIP1, ARIP1-long and ARIP1-short, which may be produced by alternative splicing. ARIP1-long had one guanylate kinase domain in the NH2-terminal region, followed by two WW domains and five PDZ domains (PDZ1-5). ARIP1-short had a deletion in the NH2-terminal region and lacked the guanylate kinase domain. Both forms interacted with ActRIIA through PDZ5. The COOH-terminal residues of ActRIIA (ESSL) agree with a PDZ-binding consensus motif, and ARIP1 recognized the consensus sequence. ARIP1 interacts specifically with ActRIIA among the receptors for the transforming growth factor β family. Interestingly, ARIP1 also interacted with Smad3, which is an activin/transforming growth factor β intracellular signaling molecule. The mRNA of ARIP1 was more abundant in the brain than in other tissues. Overexpression of ARIP1 controls activin-induced and Smad3-induced transcription in activin-responsive cell lines. These findings suggest that ARIP1 has a significant role in assembling activin signaling molecules at specific subcellular sites and in regulating signal transduction in neuronal cells.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology