Sequence analysis within BamHI fragment 3 of the pseudorabies virus (PrV) genome revealed an open reading frame homologous to the UL10 gene of herpes simplex virus. A rabbit antiserum directed against a synthetic oligopeptide representing the carboxy-terminal 18 amino acids of the predicted UL10 product recognized a major 45-kDa protein in lysates of purified Pr virions. In addition, a second protein of 90 kDa which could represent a dimeric form was observed. Enzymatic deglycosylation showed that the PrV UL10 protein is N glycosylated. Therefore, it was designated PrV gM according to its homolog in herpes simplex virus. A PrV mutant lacking ca. 60% of UL10 coding sequences was able to productively replicate on non- complementing cells, demonstrating that PrV gM is not required for viral replication in cell culture. However, infectivity of the mutant virus was reduced and penetration was delayed, indicating a modulatory role of PrV gM in the initiation of infection.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Insect Science