Identification of a human homologue of the DREF transcription factor with a potential role in regulation of the histone H1 gene

Nobuko Oshima, Masahide Takahashi, Fumiko Hirose

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A human homologue (hDREF/KIAA0785) of Drosophila DREF, a transcriptional regulatory factor required for expression of genes involved in DNA replication and cell proliferation, was identified by BLAST search. Amino acid sequences corresponding to three regions highly conserved between two Drosophila species also proved to be very similar in the hDREF/KIAA0785 polypeptide. A consensus binding sequence (5′-TGTCG(C/T)GA(C/T)A) for hDREF/KIAA0785, determined by the CASTing method, overlapped with that for the Drosophila DREF (5′-TGTCGATA). We found hDREF/KIAA0785 binding sequences in the promoter regions of human genes related to cell proliferation. Analyses using a specific antibody revealed that an hDREF/KIAA0785 binds to the promoter region of the histone H1 gene. Co-transfection experiments with an DREF/KIAA0785-expressing plasmid and a histone H1 promoter-directed luciferase reporter plasmid in HeLa cells revealed possible activation of the histone H1 promoter. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that hDREF/KIAA0785 is localized in the nuclei. Although the expression level of the factor was found to be low in serum-deprived human normal fibroblasts, the amount was increased by adding serum to cultures and reached a maximum during S phase. RNA interference experiments targeting hDREF/KIAA0785 resulted in inhibition of S phase entry and reduction of histone H1 mRNA in HeLa cells. These results suggest that expression of hDREF/KIAA0785 may have a role in regulation of human genes related to cell proliferation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22928-22938
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume278
Issue number25
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20-06-2003

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Forensic Anthropology
Histones
Cell proliferation
Transcription Factors
Genes
Drosophila
Cell Proliferation
S Phase
HeLa Cells
Genetic Promoter Regions
Plasmids
Consensus Sequence
Fibroblasts
RNA Interference
Luciferases
Serum
DNA Replication
Transfection
Amino Acid Sequence
Casting

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "A human homologue (hDREF/KIAA0785) of Drosophila DREF, a transcriptional regulatory factor required for expression of genes involved in DNA replication and cell proliferation, was identified by BLAST search. Amino acid sequences corresponding to three regions highly conserved between two Drosophila species also proved to be very similar in the hDREF/KIAA0785 polypeptide. A consensus binding sequence (5′-TGTCG(C/T)GA(C/T)A) for hDREF/KIAA0785, determined by the CASTing method, overlapped with that for the Drosophila DREF (5′-TGTCGATA). We found hDREF/KIAA0785 binding sequences in the promoter regions of human genes related to cell proliferation. Analyses using a specific antibody revealed that an hDREF/KIAA0785 binds to the promoter region of the histone H1 gene. Co-transfection experiments with an DREF/KIAA0785-expressing plasmid and a histone H1 promoter-directed luciferase reporter plasmid in HeLa cells revealed possible activation of the histone H1 promoter. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that hDREF/KIAA0785 is localized in the nuclei. Although the expression level of the factor was found to be low in serum-deprived human normal fibroblasts, the amount was increased by adding serum to cultures and reached a maximum during S phase. RNA interference experiments targeting hDREF/KIAA0785 resulted in inhibition of S phase entry and reduction of histone H1 mRNA in HeLa cells. These results suggest that expression of hDREF/KIAA0785 may have a role in regulation of human genes related to cell proliferation.",
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Identification of a human homologue of the DREF transcription factor with a potential role in regulation of the histone H1 gene. / Oshima, Nobuko; Takahashi, Masahide; Hirose, Fumiko.

In: Journal of Biological Chemistry, Vol. 278, No. 25, 20.06.2003, p. 22928-22938.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - A human homologue (hDREF/KIAA0785) of Drosophila DREF, a transcriptional regulatory factor required for expression of genes involved in DNA replication and cell proliferation, was identified by BLAST search. Amino acid sequences corresponding to three regions highly conserved between two Drosophila species also proved to be very similar in the hDREF/KIAA0785 polypeptide. A consensus binding sequence (5′-TGTCG(C/T)GA(C/T)A) for hDREF/KIAA0785, determined by the CASTing method, overlapped with that for the Drosophila DREF (5′-TGTCGATA). We found hDREF/KIAA0785 binding sequences in the promoter regions of human genes related to cell proliferation. Analyses using a specific antibody revealed that an hDREF/KIAA0785 binds to the promoter region of the histone H1 gene. Co-transfection experiments with an DREF/KIAA0785-expressing plasmid and a histone H1 promoter-directed luciferase reporter plasmid in HeLa cells revealed possible activation of the histone H1 promoter. Immunohistochemical analysis demonstrated that hDREF/KIAA0785 is localized in the nuclei. Although the expression level of the factor was found to be low in serum-deprived human normal fibroblasts, the amount was increased by adding serum to cultures and reached a maximum during S phase. RNA interference experiments targeting hDREF/KIAA0785 resulted in inhibition of S phase entry and reduction of histone H1 mRNA in HeLa cells. These results suggest that expression of hDREF/KIAA0785 may have a role in regulation of human genes related to cell proliferation.

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