Identification of potential disease-associated variants in idiopathic generalized epilepsy using targeted sequencing

Regina Gamirova, Elena Shagimardanova, Takehiro Sato, Takayuki Kannon, Rimma Gamirova, Atsushi Tajima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Many questions remain regarding the genetics of idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE), a subset of genetic generalized epilepsy (GGE). We aimed to identify the candidate coding variants of epilepsy panel genes in a cohort of affected individuals, using variant frequency information from a control cohort of the same region. We performed whole-exome sequencing analysis of 121 individuals and 10 affected relatives, focusing on variants of 950 candidate genes associated with epilepsy according to the Genes4Epilepsy curated panel. We identified 168 candidate variants (CVs) in 137 of 950 candidate genes in 88 of 121 affected individuals with IGE, of which 61 were novel variants. Notably, we identified five CVs in known GGE-associated genes (CHD2, GABRA1, RORB, SCN1A, and SCN1B) in five individuals and CVs shared by affected individuals in each of four family cases for other epilepsy candidate genes. The results of this study demonstrate that IGE is a disease with high heterogeneity and provide IGE-associated CVs whose pathogenicity should be proven by future studies, including advanced functional analysis. The low detection rate of CVs in the GGE-associated genes (4.1%) in this study suggests the current incompleteness of the Genes4Epilepsy panel for the diagnosis of IGE in clinical practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
Volume69
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02-2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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