Identification of the internal carotid artery at the superior part of the cavernous sinus during endoscopic endonasal cavernous sinus tumor surgery

Fuminari Komatsu, Masami Shimoda, Shinri Oda, Masaaki Imai, Hideaki Shigematsu, Mika Komatsu, Manfred Tschabitscher, Mitsunori Matsumae

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Identification of the internal carotid artery (ICA) is essential for successful endoscopic endonasal cavernous sinus tumor surgery. This study aimed to develop a method for identifying the ICA in cavernous sinus tumors at the superior part of the cavernous sinus. Methods: Ten fresh cadavers were studied with a 4-mm 0 and 30 endoscope to identify surgical landmarks of the ICA in the cavernous sinus. Clinical cases of cavernous sinus tumors were surgically treated using an endoscopic transpterygoid approach. Results: Anatomical study indicated the ICA at the superior part of the cavernous sinus can be identified using three steps: 1) exposure of the optic nerve sheath by drilling the optic canal; 2) identification of the proximal orifice of the optic nerve sheath at the transition of the optic nerve sheath and dura mater of the tuberculum sellae; and 3) identification of the clinoid segment of the ICA at the distal dural ring just below the proximal orifice of the optic nerve sheath. Although the ICA was encased and transposed by tumors in preliminary surgical cases, the clinoid segment of the ICA was safely exposed at the superior part of the cavernous sinus using this method. Conclusions: Dural structures around the cavernous sinus are key to identifying the ICA at the superior part of the cavernous sinus. This method is expected to reduce the risk of ICA injury during endoscopic endonasal surgery for cavernous sinus tumors.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)475-479
Number of pages5
JournalActa Neurochirurgica
Volume156
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 03-2014
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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