Immunoglobulin VH genes in thymic MALT lymphoma are biased toward a restricted repertoire and are frequently unmutated

Megumi Yoshida, Mitsukuni Okabe, Tadaaki Eimoto, Shinichiro Shimizu, Kayo Ueda-Otsuka, Masataka Okamoto, Genichiro Ishii, Ryuzo Ueda, John K.C. Chan, Shigeo Nakamura, Hiroshi Inagaki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Citations (Scopus)


Thymic MALT lymphoma shows certain distinctive features among MALT lymphomas, such as expression of IgA isotype, consistent lack of API2-MALT1 gene fusion, and very strong association with autoimmune disease, especially Sjogren's syndrome. To help clarify the nature of the clonal lymphoid infiltrates, we analysed the usage and somatic hypermutation of the Ig heavy chain variable region (VH) genes in nine different cases. The VH rearrangement was potentially functional in all cases and was restricted to the VH3 family. VH usage was biased toward VH3-30 (five cases) and VH3-23 (three cases) segments, which have both been frequently expressed by autoimmune B cells. Somatic hypermutation was absent in five cases. Fewer than the expected replacement mutations were found in the framework regions in two cases, indicating a negative antigen selection pressure. Ongoing mutation was absent in all cases. D segment usage was varied, whereas JH segment usage was restricted to JH4. The observed patterns of VH usage and mutations suggested that specific antigens may play a pathologically relevant role in the genesis or progression of thymic MALT lymphoma.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)415-422
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Pathology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 02-2006

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine


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