Impact of an enhanced recovery protocol in frail patients after intracorporeal urinary diversion

Kenji Zennami, Mamoru Kusaka, Shuhei Tomozawa, Fumi Toda, Kazuki Ito, Akihiro Kawai, Wataru Nakamura, Yoshinari Muto, Masanobu Saruta, Tomonari Motonaga, Kiyoshi Takahara, Makoto Sumitomo, Ryoichi Shiroki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: To determine whether an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocol enhances bowel recovery and reduces postoperative ileus (POI) in both non-frail and frail patients after robot-assisted radical cystectomy with intracorporeal urinary diversion (iRARC). Patients and Methods: This retrospective cohort study included 186 patients (104 with and 82 without ERAS) who underwent iRARC between 2012 and 2023. ‘Frail’ patients was defined as those with a low Geriatric-8 questionnaire score (≤13). The primary outcomes were postoperative bowel recovery and the incidence of POI. Secondary outcomes included length of stay (LOS), 30- and 90-day complications, 90-day readmission rate, and POI predictors. Results: The ERAS group exhibited a significantly shorter LOS, early bowel recovery, a lower POI rate, fewer 90-day high-grade complications, and fewer 90-day readmissions than the non-ERAS group in the entire cohort. Non-frail patients in the ERAS group had a lower rate of POI (7.1% vs. 22.1%; P = 0.008), whereas ERAS did not reduce POI in frail patients (44.1% vs. 36.6%; P = 0.50). In the multivariate analysis, ERAS was associated with a reduced risk of POI in both the entire cohort (odds ratio [OR] 0.39, P = 0.01) and in non-frail patients (OR 0.24, P = 0.01), whereas ERAS was not likely to reduce POI (OR 1.14, P = 0.70) in frail patients. Prehabilitation was identified as a favourable predictor of POI. Conclusions: The ERAS protocol did not reduce POI in frail patients after iRARC, although it enhanced bowel recovery and reduced POI in non-frail patients. Prehabilitation for frail patients might reduce POI.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBJU International
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Urology


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