Background and Objectives: We investigated the clinical outcomes of patients who underwent surgery for parotid carcinoma in a single institution during a 53-year period. This study aimed to estimate the impact of changing the surgical approach to parotid carcinoma on clinical outcomes including the incidence rate of the facial nerve palsy. Materials and Methods: Sixty-seven patients with parotid carcinoma who underwent surgery between 1966 and 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. Group A consisted of 29 patients who underwent surgery from 1966 to 2002, and Group B consisted of 38 patients from 2002 to 2018. Treatment outcomes were estimated. Additionally, candidate prognostic factors of Group B, the current surgical approach group, were evaluated. Results: Partial parotidectomy and total parotidectomy were performed in 35 and 32 patients, respectively. Partial parotidectomy was performed in 4 patients in Group A and 31 patients in Group B, with a predomi-nant increase in Group B. The facial nerve was preserved in 43 patients, among whom 8 in Group A (8/17; 47.1%) and 7 in Group B (7/26; 26.9%) had temporary postoperative facial nerve palsy. Postoperative radiotherapy was performed on 35 patients. The 5-year OS, DSS, and DFS rates for Group A were 77.1%, 79.9%, and 71.5%, respectively. The 5-year OS, DSS, and DFS rates for Group B were 77.1%, 77.1%, and 72.4%, respectively. Clinical T4 stage, clinical N+ stage, stage IV disease, and tumor invasion of the facial nerve were independent prognostic factors in Group B. Conclusions: The incidence of facial nerve palsy in the current surgical approach group decreased compared with that in the previous surgical approach group. The current surgical management and treatment policies for parotid carcinoma have led to improved outcomes.
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