Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) after heart transplantation (HTx) develops as a combination of donor-transmitted coronary atherosclerosis (DTCA) and cardiac allograft vasculopathy. Assessing donor CAD before procurement is important. Because coronary artery calcification (CAC) is a predictor for CAD, donor-heart CAC is usually evaluated to estimate the risk of donor CAD. The usefulness of CAC for predicting DTCA, however, is not known. Methods and Results: Sixty-four HTx recipients whose donor underwent chest computed tomography before procurement or ≤2 weeks after HTx and who underwent coronary angiography and intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) ≤3 months after HTx were enrolled. Eight patients had CAC (CAC group) and 56 patients did not have CAC (no-CAC group). Patients in the CAC group were significantly older and had a higher prevalence of maximum intimal thickness (MIT) of the coronary artery ≥0.5 mm at initial IVUS than patients in the no-CAC group (100% vs. 55%, P=0.02). Adverse cardiac events and death were not significantly different. Everolimus tended to be used more often in the CAC group. Conclusions: Donor-heart CAC is a significant predictor for MIT of the coronary artery ≥0.5 mm after HTx. The presence of CAC, however, is not associated with future cardiac events. The higher prevalence of everolimus use in the CAC group may have affected the results.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine