Impact of diabetes on mortality and hospitalization after dementia diagnosis: Health insurance claims data analysis

Masaaki Matsunaga, Shinichi Tanihara, yupeng He, Hiroshi Yatsuya, Atsuhiko Ota

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim: Japan faces a public health challenge of dementia, further complicated by the increasing complications from diabetes within its rapidly aging population. This study assesses the impact of diabetes on mortality and hospitalization among individuals aged ≥75 years with new dementia diagnoses. Methods: We analyzed administrative claims data in Japan from 73 324 individuals aged ≥75 years with dementia, of whom 17% had comorbid diabetes. Dementia and diabetes were identified from the International Classification of Diseases, Tenth Revision codes. We used Kaplan–Meier survival analysis, Cox proportional hazards analysis, and population attributable fractions (PAFs) to evaluate the impact on mortality and hospitalization after dementia diagnosis. Results: One-year mortality and 1-year hospitalization probabilities in individuals with dementia and diabetes (10.3% and 31.7%, respectively) were higher than those without diabetes (8.3% and 25.4%, respectively). The adjusted hazard ratios for individuals with diabetes, as compared to those without, were 1.126 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.040–1.220) for mortality and 1.191 (95% CI, 1.140–1.245) for hospitalization. The PAFs from the comorbidity of dementia and diabetes were 2.2% for mortality and 3.1% for hospitalization. Subgroup analysis showed that the PAFs were highest in men aged 75–79 years and women aged 80–84 years for mortality and in individuals aged 75–79 for hospitalization. Conclusion: During the early postdiagnosis period, comorbid diabetes increases mortality and hospitalization risks in older adults with dementia. The variation in disease burden across age groups underscores the need for age-specific health care strategies to manage comorbid diabetes in individuals with dementia. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2024; ••: ••–••.

Original languageEnglish
JournalGeriatrics and Gerontology International
DOIs
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2024

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Health(social science)
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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