Impact of low-grade albuminuria on left ventricular diastolic dysfunction

Hiroaki Nagai, Susumu Suzuki, Hideki Ishii, Yohei Shibata, Shingo Harata, Yohei Takayama, Yosuke Tatami, Yusaku Shimbo, Naohiro Osugi, Tomoyuki Ota, Yoshihiro Kawamura, Akihito Tanaka, Kyosuke Takeshita, Toyoaki Murohara

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Albuminuria is an established risk factor for mortality and cardiovascular events in high-risk populations. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between normoalbuminuria and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. The present study evaluated the impact of the low-grade albuminuria on LV diastolic function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 202 chronic CAD patients with normal urinary albumin levels. Subjects were divided into 3 tertiles according to sex-specific urinary albumin-to-creatinine concentration ratio (UACR) cut-off points. Subjects in the upper tertile were classified as having low-grade albuminuria. To evaluate the LV function, all subjects underwent echocardiography. LV diastolic dysfunction was defined as E/e'>15 or 8<E/e'<15, with an E/A<0.5, a deceleration time>280ms, and a LV mass index>122g/m2 for women or >149g/m2 for men. Results: Among the 202 patients, 76 patients (37.6%) had LV diastolic dysfunction. The prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in the upper tertile was significantly greater than that in the middle and lower tertiles (49.3%, 32.3% and 29.2%, respectively; p for trend. =. 0.029). Adjusting for confounding factors, the presence of low-grade albuminuria independently associated with LV diastolic dysfunction (odds ratio 2.22, 95% confidence interval: 1.05-4.71, p. =. 0.037). Conclusions: A high UACR level that is still below the current microalbuminuria threshold is significantly associated with an increased prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in CAD patients. Our data suggest that low-grade albuminuria in high-risk populations may provide greater cardiovascular risk stratification.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13-16
Number of pages4
JournalIJC Metabolic and Endocrine
Volume6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-03-2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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