Background: Albuminuria is an established risk factor for mortality and cardiovascular events in high-risk populations. However, few studies have evaluated the relationship between normoalbuminuria and left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. The present study evaluated the impact of the low-grade albuminuria on LV diastolic function in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 202 chronic CAD patients with normal urinary albumin levels. Subjects were divided into 3 tertiles according to sex-specific urinary albumin-to-creatinine concentration ratio (UACR) cut-off points. Subjects in the upper tertile were classified as having low-grade albuminuria. To evaluate the LV function, all subjects underwent echocardiography. LV diastolic dysfunction was defined as E/e'>15 or 8<E/e'<15, with an E/A<0.5, a deceleration time>280ms, and a LV mass index>122g/m2 for women or >149g/m2 for men. Results: Among the 202 patients, 76 patients (37.6%) had LV diastolic dysfunction. The prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in the upper tertile was significantly greater than that in the middle and lower tertiles (49.3%, 32.3% and 29.2%, respectively; p for trend. =. 0.029). Adjusting for confounding factors, the presence of low-grade albuminuria independently associated with LV diastolic dysfunction (odds ratio 2.22, 95% confidence interval: 1.05-4.71, p. =. 0.037). Conclusions: A high UACR level that is still below the current microalbuminuria threshold is significantly associated with an increased prevalence of LV diastolic dysfunction in CAD patients. Our data suggest that low-grade albuminuria in high-risk populations may provide greater cardiovascular risk stratification.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
- Physiology (medical)