Implementing vaccination policies based upon scientific evidence in Japan

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1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The theme of the 24th Annual Meeting of the Japanese Society for Vaccinology was “Sustainable Future Medical Care Created by Vaccines.” This theme includes topics such as the proposal to reduce the medical costs incurred by societies with aging populations through prophylactic vaccination. The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic alerted us to the important roles that preventive measures, such as vaccines, play in fighting infectious diseases. In order to inform the public of the benefits of vaccines, it is important to provide society with information regarding new vaccine developments, adjuvants, the cost–benefit ratio of vaccine introduction, and vaccine effectiveness and safety. Clinical research is essential for obtaining evidence of vaccine effectiveness and safety. The United States Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) conducts active surveillance in defined areas before and after the introduction of vaccines and documents the reduction in infection rates as a measure of vaccine effectiveness. However, vaccine efficacy and side effects may vary by country and ethnicity. Therefore, it is necessary for individual countries to develop their own evidence-based surveillance programs. We have studied vaccine efficacy and documented side-effects observed in patients for the varicella and rotavirus vaccines in Japan. This review outlines the importance of providing scientific evidence for vaccine effectiveness and safety.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5447-5450
Number of pages4
JournalVaccine
Volume39
Issue number38
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 07-09-2021

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Immunology and Microbiology(all)
  • veterinary(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Infectious Diseases

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