Intestinal membrane permeability is an important factor affecting the bioavailability of drugs. As a strategy to improve membrane permeability, membrane transporters are useful targets since essential nutrients are absorbed efficiently via specific transporters. For example, there are reports that intestinal hexose transporters could be used as a tool to improve permeability; however, there has been no direct evidence that the transporter protein, sodium/glucose cotransporter 1 (SGLT1), is involved in the transport of hexose analogs. Accordingly, we examined directly whether the intestinal membrane permeability of hexose analogs can be improved by utilizing SGLT1. Three hexose-quinoline derivatives were synthesized and their interactions with SGLT1 were evaluated. Among the three derivatives, the glucose-quinoline molecule exhibited an inhibitory effect on D-glucose uptake by both rat intestinal brush-border membrane vesicles (BBMVs) and Xenopus oocytes expressing SGLT1. In addition, significant uptake of the glucose-quinoline derivative by Xenopus oocytes expressing SGLT1 was observed by both an electrophysiological assay and direct measurement of the uptake of the compound, while the galactose-quinoline derivative did not show significant uptake via SGLT1. Thus, it was directly demonstrated that SGLT1 could be used as a tool for the improvement of intestinal membrane permeability of drugs by modification to the glucose analogs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmaceutical Science