Faropenem (FRPM) is active against extended-spectrum b-lactamase (ESBL)producing Enterobacterales, but evidence for its efficacy is lacking. This study determined the correlation between the susceptibility by disk diffusion method and the MIC of FRPM for third-generation cephalosporin-resistant Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae, and the effectiveness of FRPM for the treatment of urinary tract infection (UTI) caused by these two bacteria in a retrospective cohort analysis. Of the 48 third-generation cephalosporin-resistant clinical isolates tested, 44 isolates produced ESBL, and 8 isolates produced AmpC, including 4 isolates produced both ESBL and AmpC. Thirty-seven isolates had an FRPM MIC of #1 mg/L, and seven had an FRPM MIC of 2 mg/L. An FRPM MIC of .2 mg/L was observed with four isolates. In a retrospective cohort analysis, 63 patients with UTI treated with FRPM were identified. All isolates of ESBL-producing E. coli (n = 54) and K. pneumoniae (n = 9) treated with FRPM showed disk diffusion zone diameters larger than 16.0 mm (estimated MIC, 2.2 mg/L). All patients completed the scheduled treatment courses with FRPM, but 28- and 90-day relapses happened in 10 patients (16%) and 16 patients (25%), respectively. No significant risk factors for the 28- and 90-day relapses were found. FRPM can be used according to disk diffusion susceptibility testing in UTI. Further investigations are necessary to assess the clinical breakpoint of FRPM for ESBL-producing Enterobacterales and the candidates most likely to benefit from using FRPM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases