In Vitro Evaluation of High Mobility Group Box 1 Protein Removal with Various Membranes for Continuous Hemofiltration

Miho Yumoto, Osamu Nishida, Kazuhiro Moriyama, Yasuyo Shimomura, Tomoyuki Nakamura, Naohide Kuriyama, Yoshitaka Hara, Shingo Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

73 Citations (Scopus)


The high mobility group box 1 protein (HMGB1) is an alarmin that plays an important role in sepsis and has been recognized as a promising target with a wide therapeutic window; however, no drugs and devices are currently in practical use. We hypothesized that hemofilters composed of porous membranes or cytokine-adsorbing membranes could remove HMGB1 from the blood. We performed experimental hemofiltration in vitro using four types of hemofilters composed of different membranes specifically designed for continuous hemofiltration. The test solution was a 1000-mL substitution fluid containing 100μg of HMGB1 and 35g of bovine serum albumin. Experimental hemofiltration was conducted for 360min in a closed loop circulation system. Among the four membranes, surface-treated polyacrylonitrile (AN69ST) showed the highest capacity to adsorb HMGB1; it adsorbed nearly 100μg of HMGB1 in the initial 60min and showed a markedly high clearance rate (60.8±5.0mL/min) at 15min. The polymethylmethacrylate membrane had half of the adsorption capacity of the AN69ST membrane. Although the highest sieving coefficient for HMGB1 was obtained with the high cut-off polyarylethersulfone membrane, which correlated with a constant filtrate clearance rate, albumin loss was observed. However, no such removal of both HMGB1 and albumin was observed with the polysulfone membrane and tubing. We conclude that continuous hemofiltration using the AN69ST membrane is a promising approach for HMGB1-related sepsis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)385-393
Number of pages9
JournalTherapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 08-2011

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hematology
  • Nephrology


Dive into the research topics of 'In Vitro Evaluation of High Mobility Group Box 1 Protein Removal with Various Membranes for Continuous Hemofiltration'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this