Here, we report a novel narrow-spectrum β-lactamase CTX-M-215 identified in an Escherichia coli clinical isolate in China and conferring high-level resistance to mecillinam but not to cefotaxime. CTX-M-215 differed from CTX-M-125, a CTX-M extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL), by an N132D substitution, which decreased hydrolytic activities toward penicillins and cephalosporins except for mecillinam. High similarity was observed between CTX-M-215- and CTX-M-125-bearing plasmids, carried by different isolates in the same patient, indicating in vivo evolution of CTX-M-215 from CTX-M-125.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases