Inappropriate Antibiotic Use for Acute Asthma in Japanese Emergency Departments

Japanese Emergency Medicine Network Investigators

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Background: Little is known about the extent that acute asthma is inappropriately treated with antibiotics in Japanese emergency departments (EDs). Objectives: We examined the proportion and predictors of inappropriate antibiotic use for adults with acute asthma in the Japanese EDs. Methods: We conducted a chart review study in 23 Japanese EDs. Subjects were ED patients aged 18 to 54 years with acute asthma between 2009 and 2011. To examine predictors of inappropriate antibiotic use, we performed multi-level logistic regression analysis at both the patient- and ED-level modeling EDs as a random variable. Results: Among 1380 patients in the overall study, the analytic cohort comprised 1311 patients. Overall, antibiotics were inappropriately prescribed for 4.4% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.4%–5.7%). In the multi-level logistic regression analysis, higher annual ED asthma visit volume was significantly associated with a lower proportion of inappropriate antibiotic use (odds ratio per 100-visit increase, 0.3; 95%CI, 0.2–0.6). Conclusions: In this large multicenter study in Japan, we found that approximately 4% of ED patients with acute asthma were inappropriately treated with antibiotics. We also demonstrated that the inappropriate use of antibiotics largely differed across the EDs and was less common in EDs with a more annual ED asthma visits. Organized knowledge translation initiatives are warranted to address this gap in emergency asthma care.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-287
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of General and Family Medicine
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 12-2015
Externally publishedYes

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Family Practice
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Internal Medicine


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