Increased hydrogen peroxide generation by neutrophils from patients with acne inflammation

Hirohiko Akamatsu, Takeshi Horio, Kazuhiro Hattori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Reactive oxygen species generated by neutrophils are closely correlated with the pathogenesis of a variety of inflammatory skin diseases. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible role of reactive oxygen species generated by neutrophils in the mediation of acne inflammation. Methods: Bacterial phagocytotic stimuli, mediated by opsonin activity, were applied to whole blood, and neutrophil hydrogen peroxide production was measured. Results: Patients with acne inflammation showed a significantly increased level of hydrogen peroxide produced by neutrophils compared to patients with acne comedones and healthy controls. There were no marked differences in the level of hydrogen peroxide produced by neutrophils between patients with acne comedones and healthy controls. In addition, patients with acne inflammation treated by oral administration of minocycline hydrochloride, a drug that inhibits hydrogen peroxide generation by neutrophils, showed a significant decrease in the ability to neutrophils to produce hydrogen peroxide in accordance with a decrease in the inflammatory activity of acne lesions. Conclusions: The present study seems to suggest that acne inflammatory is mediated in part by hydrogen peroxide generation by neutrophils.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)366-369
Number of pages4
JournalInternational Journal of Dermatology
Volume42
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01-05-2003

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Dermatology

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